Drivers: Be Safe – Give Space

Here are some useful tips and advice to improve your road safety and learn about how to drive safely when sharing the road with cyclists, particularly during busier periods of traffic and darker mornings and evenings.


1. Anticipate cyclists

There may be more cyclists than usual due to recent changes in travel behaviour, especially at peak times of day and during rush hour traffic. This is when most collisions occur.

2. When overtaking, be safe, give space

Overtake a cyclist in the same way you would another vehicle. Plan ahead and wait until the opposite carriageway is clear. 1.5m is a minimum safe passing distance when overtaking cyclists at 30mph. Allow more space at higher speeds. If you cannot allow the minimum distance, do not overtake until you can.

If a cyclist looks over their shoulder while you are following them it could mean that they may soon attempt to turn right. Give them space and time to do so.

Do not overtake near a junction, pedestrian crossing, on a roundabout or at pinch points (for example keep left bollards, features). Never overtake just before a left turn you plan to make. Do not drive close behind cyclists or sound your horn.

Read more advice on overtaking a cyclist in the Highway Code.

3. Road position

Cycling feels hazardous when drivers are too close, so give cyclists space and be patient. Expect cyclists to move out in the road to avoid potholes, drains etc. or to be seen at junctions. Even if there is a cycle path or cycle lane, there may be reasons for cyclists to be on another part of the road – such as to make a turn or to make themselves visible.

4. Observation

Always look for cyclists, especially at junctions. Make eye contact where possible to show you have seen them. Always check your mirrors and blind spot for cyclists, whether you are stationary or moving. Legally, a cyclist can use the entire lane and will often take a mid-lane position to deter overtaking by vehicles at particularly vulnerable locations – for example where the road narrows, junctions, and blind bends.

Cyclists may not always give a signal, especially mid-junction or on a roundabout, as they need both hands for steering and braking. If you are unsure of a cyclist’s intention, wait for them to make their manoeuvre. Use your indicators to signal intentions and look out for their signals.

Always check for cyclists by looking over your shoulder before opening your car door.